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Patterson, Clare, Petra B. Schumacher, Bruno Nicenboim, Johannes Hagen & Andrew Kehler. (2022). A Bayesian Approach to German Personal and Demonstrative PronounsFrontiers in Psychology, 12, 672927. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.672927

Tomaszewicz-Özakın, Babara & Petra B. Schumacher. (2022). Anaphoric Pronouns and the Computation of Pominence Profiles. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10936-022-09873-9.



Bambini, Valentina, Lewis Bott & Petra B. Schumacher. (2021). It Is Not Always a Matter of Time: Addressing the Costs of Metaphor and Metonymy through a Speed-Accuracy Trade-off Study. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale, 75, 2, 189–196.

Brandt, Patrick & Petra B. Schumacher. (2021). Too Strong Argument Structures and (Un)Prepared Repair: The Case of zu-ExcessivesIn: Artemis Alexiadou & Elisabeth Verhoeven. (Eds.) The Syntax of Argument Structure. Empirical Advancements and Theoretical Relevance. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 13-32.

Brilmayer, Ingmar & Petra B. Schumacher. (2021). Referential Chains Reveal Predictive Processes and Form-to-Function Mapping: An EEG Study Using Naturalistic Story Stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology 12, 623648.

Patterson, Clare & Petra B. Schumacher. (2021). Interpretation Preferences in Contexts with three Antecedents: Examining the Role of Prominence in German PronounsApplied Psycholinguistics, 1-35.

Spychalska, Maria, Ludmila Reimer, Petra B. Schumacher & Marcus Werning. (2021). The Cost of the Epistemic Step: Investigating Scalar Implicatures in Full and Partial Information Contexts. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 679491.



Baumann, Stefan & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). The Incremental Processing of Focus, Givenness and Prosodic Prominence. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics, 5,1, 6.

Fuchs, Melanie & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). Referential Shift Potential of Demonstrative Pronouns – Evidence from Text Continuation. In: Åshild Næss, Anna Margetts & Yvonne Treis. (Eds.) Demonstratives in Discourse (Topics at the Grammar-Discourse Interface ). Berlin: Language Science Press, 185-213.

Patterson, Clare & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). The Timing of Prominence Information during the Resolution of German Personal and Demonstrative Pronouns. Dialogue & Discourse, 11,1, 1-39.

Röhr, Christine T., Stefan Baumann,  Petra B. Schumacher & Martine Grice. (2020). Perceptual Prominence of Accent Types and the Role of Expectations. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2020. Tokyo, Japan, 366-370.  https://www.isca-speech.org/archive/SpeechProsody_2020/pdfs/153.pdf

Röhr, Christine T., Ingmar Brilmayer, Stefan Baumann, Martine Grice & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). Signal-Driven and Expectation-Driven Processing of Accent Types. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 36,1, 33-59.

Ruigendijk, Esther & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). Variation in Reference Assignment Processes. Psycholinguistic Evidence from Germanic Languages. The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics, 23, 1, 39-76.

Ventura, Caterina, Martine Grice, Michelina Savino, Diana Kolev, Ingmar Brilmayer & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). Attention Allocation in a Language with Post-Focal Prominences. NeuroReport, 31, 8, 624-628.



von Heusinger, Klaus & Petra B. Schumacher. (2019). Discourse Prominence: Definition and Application. Journal of Pragmatics, 154, 117-127.

Rees, Alice, Lewis Bott & Petra B. Schumacher. (2019). Event-Related Potentials in Pragmatic Priming. Neuroscience Letters, 712, 134435.

Schumacher, Petra. B. (2019). Metonymy. In: Chris Cummins & Napoleon Katsos. (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Experimental Semantics and Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 316-330.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2019). Vagueness and Context-Sensitivity of Absolute Gradable Adjectives. Snippets, 37, 90-92.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Klaus von Heusinger (Eds.). (2019). Special Issue: Prominence in Discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 154.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Klaus von Heusinger. (2019). Introduction to Prominence in Discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 154, 18-21.

Straßburger, Lena, Hanna Weiland-Breckle, Lara Muhtz, & Petra B. Schumacher. (2019). Seamantix – ein Brettspiel ohne Worte zum Erwerb semantischer Terminologien. Linguistische Berichte, 260, 521-534.

Weiland-Breckle, Hanna, Lena Straßburger, Rebekka Wanka & Petra B. Schumacher. (2019). Ph[o:]nix - An Educational Board Game for Phonetics and Phonology. Linguistische Berichte, 257, 115-127.



Fadlon, Julie, Galit Weidman Sassoon & Petra B. Schumacher. (2018). Discrete Dimension Accessibility in Multidimensional Concepts: The Noun-Adjective Distinction. Mental Lexicon, 13, 1, 105-142.

Gutzmann, Daniel & Petra B. Schumacher. (2018). Schnittstelle Semantik-Pragmatik. In: Angelika Wöllstein, Peter Gallmann, Mechthild Habermann & Manfred Krifka. (Eds.) Grammatiktheorie und Empirie in der germanistischen Linguistik. (Germanistische Sprachwissenschaft um 2020, Volume 1). Berlin: de Gruyter, 471-509.

Liebherr, Magnus, Hanna Weiland-Breckle, Tanja Grewe & Petra B. Schumacher. (2018). Cognitive Performance under Motor Demands – On the Influence of Task Difficulty and Postural Control. Brain Research, 1684, 1-8.

Schumacher, Petra. B. (2018). On Type Composition and AgentivityTheoretical Linguistics, 44, 1-2, 81-91.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2018). Experimentelle Pragmatik. In: Frank Liedtke & Astrid Tuchen. (Eds.). Handbuch Pragmatik. Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler, 113-121.

Schumacher, Petra B., Patrick Brandt & Hanna Weiland-Breckle. (2018). Online Processing of "Real" and "Fake": The Cost of Being Too Strong. In: Elena Castroviejo, Louise McNally, & Galit Weidman Sassoon. (Eds.) The Semantics of Gradability, Vagueness, and Scale Structure: Experimental Perspectives. Heidelberg: Springer, 93-111. 

Weiland-Breckle, Hanna & Petra B. Schumacher. (2018). A Direct Comparison of Metonymic and Metaphoric Relations in Adjective-Noun Pairs. Acta Linguistica Academica, 15, 2-3, 443-472.



Hinterwimmer, Stefan & Petra B. Schumacher (Eds.). (2017). Special Collection: Perspective Taking. Glossa, 2, 1.

Schumacher, Petra. B. (2017). Semantic-Pragmatic Processing. In: Eva M. Fernández & Helen Smith Cairns. (Eds.) The Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Malden/Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 392-410.

Schumacher, Petra B., Leah Roberts & Juhani Järvikivi. (2017). Agentivity Drives Real-Time Pronoun Resolution: Evidence From German "er" and "der". Lingua, 185, 25-41.  

Weiland-Breckle, Hanna & Petra B. Schumacher. (2017). Artist-for-Work Metonymy: Type Clash or Underspecification? Mental Lexicon, 12, 2, 219-233.



Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina & Petra B. Schumacher. (2016). Towards a Neurobiology of Information Structure. In: Caroline Féry & Shinichiro Ishihara. (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Information Structure.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 581-598.

Sauerland, Uli & Petra B. Schumacher. (2016). Pragmatics: Theory and Experiment Growing Together. Linguistische Berichte, 245, 3-24.

Schumacher, Petra B., Manuel Dangl & Elyesa Uzun. (2016). Thematic Role as Prominence Cue during Pronoun Resolution in German. In: Anke Holler & Katja Suckow. (Eds.) Empirical Perspectives on Anaphora Resolution. Berlin: de Gruyter, 121-147.  



Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I. M. Philipp, P.M. Alday, F. Kretzschmar,  T. Grewe, M. Gumpert,  P.B. Schumacher & M. Schlesewsky. (2015). Age-Related Changes in Predictive Capacity versus Internal Model Adaptability: Electrophysiological Evidence that Individual Differences Outweigh Effects of Age. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 7, 217.

Kalbertodt, Janina, Beatrice Primus & Petra B. Schumacher. (2015). Punctuation, Prosody and Discourse: Afterthought vs. Right-Dislocation. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1803.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2015). Metonymie und Text. In: Maximilian Mengeringhaus & Kathrin Schuchmann. (Eds.) Schliff Literaturzeitschrift N°3. Düsseldorf: Edition Virgines, 153-161. 

Schumacher, Petra B., Jana Backhaus & Manuel Dangl. (2015). Backward- and Forward-Looking Potential of Anaphors. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1746. 



Hung, Yu-Chen & Petra B. Schumacher. (2014). Animacy Matters: ERP Evidence for the Multi-Dimensionality of Topic-Worthiness in Chinese. Brain Research, 1555,36-47.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2014). Content and Context in Incremental Processing: "The Ham Sandwich" RevisitedPhilosophical Studies, 168, 1, 151-165.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2014). The Time Course of Referential Resolution. Proceedings of KogWis 2014. Cognitive Processing 15, 1, S11.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Hanna Weiland. (2014). Referential Properties of Definites and Salience Spreading. In: Aguilar-Guevara, Ana, Bert Le Bruyn & Joost Zwarts. (Eds.) Weak Referentiality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 365-388.

Weiland, Hanna, Valentina Bambini & Petra B. Schumacher. (2014). The Role of Literal Meaning in Figurative Language Comprehension: Evidence from Masked Priming ERP. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 583.  



Bambini, Valentina, Martha Ghio, Andrea Moro & Petra B. Schumacher. (2013). Differentiating among pragmatic uses of words through timed sensicality judgments: Metaphor, metonymy and approximation. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 938.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2013). When Combinatorial Processing Results in Reconceptualization: Towards a New Approach of Compositionality.Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 677.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Jörg Meibauer. (2013). Pragmatic Inferencing and Expert Knowledge. In: Liedtke, Frank & Cornelia Schulze. (Eds.) Beyond Words. Content, Context, and Inference. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 231-248.

Wang, Luming & Petra B. Schumacher. (2013). New is Not Always Costly: Evidence from Online Processing of Topic and Contrast in Japanese.Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 363.


Baumann, Stefan & Petra B. Schumacher. (2012). (De-)Accentuation and the Processing of Information Status – Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Language and Speech, 55, 3, 361-381.

Finkbeiner, Rita, Jörg Meibauer & Petra B. Schumacher (Eds.) (2012). What is a Context? Linguistic Approaches and Challenges. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Hung, Yu-Chen & Petra B. Schumacher. (2012). Topicality Matters: Position-Specific Demands on Chinese Discourse Processing. Neuroscience Letters, 511, 2, 59-64.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2012). Context in Neurolinguistics: Time-course Data from Electrophysiology. In: Finkbeiner, Rita, Jörg Meibauer & Petra B. Schumacher. (Eds.) What is a Context? Linguistic Approaches and Challenges. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 33-53.

Schumacher, Petra B., Valentina Bambini, & Hanna Weiland. (2012). Event-Related Brain Potentials of Masked Repetition and Semantic Priming while Listening to Sentences. Neuroscience Letters, 530, 2, 138-143.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Yu-Chen Hung. (2012). Positional Influences on Information Packaging: Insights from Topological Fields in German. Journal of Memory and Language, 67, 2, 295-310.


Bai, Chen, Shushan Cai, & Petra B. Schumacher. (2011). Reversibility in Chinese Word Formation Influences Target Identification. Neuroscience Letters, 499, 1, 14-18.

Hirotani, Masako & Petra B. Schumacher. (2011). Context and Topic Marking Affect Distinct Processes During Discourse Comprehension in Japanese. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 24, 3, 276-292.

Ruigendijk, Esther & Petra B. Schumacher. (2011). Reaction Time Data Reveal Variation in Reference Assignment Processes in Germanic Languages. In: Hendrickx, Iris, António Branco, Sobha Lalitha Devi & Ruslan Mitkov. (Eds.) Proceedings of DAARC 2011 – The 8th Discourse Anaphora and Anaphora Resolution Colloquium. Lisbon: Edições Colibri, 127-138.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2011). The hepatitis called …: Electrophysiological Evidence for Enriched Composition. In: Meibauer, Jörg & M. Steinbach. (Eds.) Experimental Pragmatics/Semantics. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 199-219.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Sergey Avrutin. (2011). Register Affects Language Comprehension: ERP Evidence from Article Omission in Newspaper Headlines. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 24, 3, 304-319.

Schumacher, Petra B., Walter Bisang, & Linlin Sun (2011). Perspective in the Processing of the Chinese Reflexive ziji: ERP Evidence. In: Hendrickx, Iris, António Branco, Sobha Lalitha Devi & Ruslan Mitkov. (Eds.) Anaphora Processing and Applications, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 7099. Heidelberg: Springer, 119-131.


Schumacher, Petra B. (2010). Real-Time Comprehension in Agrammatic Aphasia. In: Ibanescu, Grigore & Serafim Pescariu. (Eds.) Aphasia: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 101-118.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Stefan Baumann. (2010). Pitch Accent Type Affects the N400 during Referential Processing. Neuroreport, 21, 9, 618-622.

Schumacher, Petra B., Manfred Consten, & Mareile Knees. (2010). Constraints on Ontology Changing Complexation Processes: Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Language and Cognitive Processes, 25, 6, 840-865.

Schumacher, Petra B., Maria M. Piñango, Esther Ruigendijk, & Sergey Avrutin. (2010). Reference Assignment in Dutch: Evidence for the Syntax-Discourse Divide. Lingua, 120, 7, 1738-1763.


Burkhardt, Petra & Ulrike Domahs. (2009). Experimental Evidence for Minimal Structure. Lingua, 119, 10, 1373-1379.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2009). Definiteness Marking Shows Late Effects During Discourse Processing: Evidence from ERPs. In: Sobha, Lalitha Devi, António Branco & Ruslan Mitkov. (Eds.) Anaphora Processing and Applications, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 5847. Heidelberg: Springer, 91-106.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2009). The Given-New Distinction: Insights from Inferrables. In: Linguistic Society of Korea. (Eds.) Current issues in unity and diversity of languages. Korea: Dongnam Publishing Company, 359-379.

Wiese, Richard, Petra B. Schumacher, & Matthias Schlesewsky (2009). Neurokognition der Sprache in Wort, Satz und Text. In: Huber, Martin & Simone Winko. (Eds.) Literatur und Kognition: Bestandsaufnahmen und Perspektiven eines Arbeitsfeldes. Paderborn: Mentis, 85-98.


Bai, Chen, Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Luming Wang, Yu-Chen Hung, Matthias Schlesewsky, & Petra Burkhardt. (2008). Semantic Composition Engenders an N400: Evidence from Chinese Compounds. Neuroreport, 19, 6, 695-699.

Burkhardt, Petra. (2008). Dependency Precedes Independence: Online Evidence From Discourse Processing. In: Anton Benz & Peter Kühnlein. (Eds.)Constraints in discourse. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 141-158.

Burkhardt, Petra. (2008). Two Types of Definites: Evidence For Presupposition Cost. In: Atle Grønn. (Eds.) Proceedings of SuB12. Oslo: ILOS, 66-80.

Burkhardt, Petra, Sergey Avrutin, Maria M. Piñango, & Esther Ruigendijk. (2008). Slower-Than-Normal Syntactic Processing in Agrammatic Broca’s Aphasia: Evidence From Dutch. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 21, 2, 120-137.


Burkhardt, Petra. (2007). Reference Assignment in the Absence of Sufficient Semantic Content. In: Schwarz-Friesel, Monika, Manfred Consten, & Mareile Knees. (Eds.) Anaphors in Text: Cognitive, Formal and Applied Approaches to Anaphoric reference, Schwarz-Friesel, Monika, MaReference Assignment in the Absence of Sufficient Semantic Content. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 241-258.

Burkhardt, Petra. (2007). The P600 Reflects Cost of New Information in Discourse Memory. Neuroreport, 18, 17, 1851-1854.

Burkhardt, Petra, Gisbert Fanselow, & Matthias Schlesewsky. (2007). Effects of (In)transitivity On Structure Building and Agreement. Brain Research, 1163, 100-110.

Burkhardt, Petra & Dietmar Roehm. (2007). Differential Effects of Saliency: An Event-Related Brain Potential Study. Neuroscience Letters, 413, 2, 115-120.


Burkhardt, Petra. (2006). Inferential Bridging Relations Reveal Distinct Neural Mechanisms: Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Brain and Language, 98, 2, 159-168.


Burkhardt, Petra. (2005). The Syntax-Discourse Interface: Representing and Interpreting Dependency. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Piñango, Maria M. & Petra Burkhardt. (2005). Pronominal Interpretation and the Syntax-Discourse Interface: Real-time Comprehension and Neurological Properties. In: Branco, Antonio, Tony McEnery, & Ruslan Mitkov. (Eds.) Anaphora processing: linguistic, cognitive and computational modelling. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 221-238. 


Burkhardt, Petra, Maria M. Piñango, & Keng Wong. (2003). The Role of the Left Anterior Hemisphere in Real-Time Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from Split Intransitivity. Brain and Language, 86, 9-22.


Burkhardt, Petra. (2002). Logophors: Looking Outside of Syntax. In: van Koppen, Marjo, Erica Thrift, Eric Jan van der Torre, & Malte Zimmermann. (Eds.)ConSole IX Proceedings. Lund: SOLE, 14-27.

Burkhardt, Petra. (2002). Multiple Faithfulness Relations in Fox (Central Algonquian) Reduplication. In: van Koppen, Marjo, Joanna Sio, Mark de Vos. (Eds.) ConSole X Proceedings. Leiden: SOLE, 33-48.


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