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Patil, Umesh & Petra B. Schumacher. (2022). Modeling prominence constraints for German pronouns as weighted retrieval cues. Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Cognitive Modeling.

Patterson, Clare, Petra B. Schumacher, Bruno Nicenboim, Johannes Hagen & Andrew Kehler. (2022). A Bayesian Approach to German Personal and Demonstrative PronounsFrontiers in Psychology, 12, 672927. 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.672927

Petra B. Schumacher, Clare Patterson & Magdalena Repp. (2022). Die diskursstrukturierende Funktion von Demonstrativpronomen. In Gianollo, Chiara,  Łukasz Jędrzejowski & Sofiana I. Lindemann. (Eds.) Paths through meaning and form. Festschrift offered to Klaus von Heusinger on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Köln: Universitäts- und Stadtbibliothek Köln, 216-220. https://doi.org/10.18716/omp.3.c55

Tomaszewicz-Özakın, Babara & Petra B. Schumacher. (2022). Anaphoric Pronouns and the Computation of Pominence Profiles. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10936-022-09873-9.



Bambini, Valentina, Lewis Bott & Petra B. Schumacher. (2021). It Is Not Always a Matter of Time: Addressing the Costs of Metaphor and Metonymy through a Speed-Accuracy Trade-off Study. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale, 75, 2, 189–196.

Brandt, Patrick & Petra B. Schumacher. (2021). Too Strong Argument Structures and (Un)Prepared Repair: The Case of zu-ExcessivesIn: Artemis Alexiadou & Elisabeth Verhoeven. (Eds.) The Syntax of Argument Structure. Empirical Advancements and Theoretical Relevance. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 13-32.

Brilmayer, Ingmar & Petra B. Schumacher. (2021). Referential Chains Reveal Predictive Processes and Form-to-Function Mapping: An EEG Study Using Naturalistic Story Stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology 12, 623648.

Patterson, Clare & Petra B. Schumacher. (2021). Interpretation Preferences in Contexts with three Antecedents: Examining the Role of Prominence in German PronounsApplied Psycholinguistics, 1-35.

Spychalska, Maria, Ludmila Reimer, Petra B. Schumacher & Marcus Werning. (2021). The Cost of the Epistemic Step: Investigating Scalar Implicatures in Full and Partial Information Contexts. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 679491.



Baumann, Stefan & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). The Incremental Processing of Focus, Givenness and Prosodic Prominence. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics, 5,1, 6.

Fuchs, Melanie & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). Referential Shift Potential of Demonstrative Pronouns – Evidence from Text Continuation. In: Åshild Næss, Anna Margetts & Yvonne Treis. (Eds.) Demonstratives in Discourse (Topics at the Grammar-Discourse Interface ). Berlin: Language Science Press, 185-213.

Patterson, Clare & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). The Timing of Prominence Information during the Resolution of German Personal and Demonstrative Pronouns. Dialogue & Discourse, 11,1, 1-39.

Röhr, Christine T., Stefan Baumann,  Petra B. Schumacher & Martine Grice. (2020). Perceptual Prominence of Accent Types and the Role of Expectations. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2020. Tokyo, Japan, 366-370.  https://www.isca-speech.org/archive/SpeechProsody_2020/pdfs/153.pdf

Röhr, Christine T., Ingmar Brilmayer, Stefan Baumann, Martine Grice & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). Signal-Driven and Expectation-Driven Processing of Accent Types. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 36,1, 33-59.

Ruigendijk, Esther & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). Variation in Reference Assignment Processes. Psycholinguistic Evidence from Germanic Languages. The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics, 23, 1, 39-76.

Ventura, Caterina, Martine Grice, Michelina Savino, Diana Kolev, Ingmar Brilmayer & Petra B. Schumacher. (2020). Attention Allocation in a Language with Post-Focal Prominences. NeuroReport, 31, 8, 624-628.



von Heusinger, Klaus & Petra B. Schumacher. (2019). Discourse Prominence: Definition and Application. Journal of Pragmatics, 154, 117-127.

Rees, Alice, Lewis Bott & Petra B. Schumacher. (2019). Event-Related Potentials in Pragmatic Priming. Neuroscience Letters, 712, 134435.

Schumacher, Petra. B. (2019). Metonymy. In: Chris Cummins & Napoleon Katsos. (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Experimental Semantics and Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 316-330.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2019). Vagueness and Context-Sensitivity of Absolute Gradable Adjectives. Snippets, 37, 90-92.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Klaus von Heusinger (Eds.). (2019). Special Issue: Prominence in Discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 154.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Klaus von Heusinger. (2019). Introduction to Prominence in Discourse. Journal of Pragmatics, 154, 18-21.

Straßburger, Lena, Hanna Weiland-Breckle, Lara Muhtz, & Petra B. Schumacher. (2019). Seamantix – ein Brettspiel ohne Worte zum Erwerb semantischer Terminologien. Linguistische Berichte, 260, 521-534.

Weiland-Breckle, Hanna, Lena Straßburger, Rebekka Wanka & Petra B. Schumacher. (2019). Ph[o:]nix - An Educational Board Game for Phonetics and Phonology. Linguistische Berichte, 257, 115-127.



Fadlon, Julie, Galit Weidman Sassoon & Petra B. Schumacher. (2018). Discrete Dimension Accessibility in Multidimensional Concepts: The Noun-Adjective Distinction. Mental Lexicon, 13, 1, 105-142.

Gutzmann, Daniel & Petra B. Schumacher. (2018). Schnittstelle Semantik-Pragmatik. In: Angelika Wöllstein, Peter Gallmann, Mechthild Habermann & Manfred Krifka. (Eds.) Grammatiktheorie und Empirie in der germanistischen Linguistik. (Germanistische Sprachwissenschaft um 2020, Volume 1). Berlin: de Gruyter, 471-509.

Liebherr, Magnus, Hanna Weiland-Breckle, Tanja Grewe & Petra B. Schumacher. (2018). Cognitive Performance under Motor Demands – On the Influence of Task Difficulty and Postural Control. Brain Research, 1684, 1-8.

Schumacher, Petra. B. (2018). On Type Composition and AgentivityTheoretical Linguistics, 44, 1-2, 81-91.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2018). Experimentelle Pragmatik. In: Frank Liedtke & Astrid Tuchen. (Eds.). Handbuch Pragmatik. Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler, 113-121.

Schumacher, Petra B., Patrick Brandt & Hanna Weiland-Breckle. (2018). Online Processing of "Real" and "Fake": The Cost of Being Too Strong. In: Elena Castroviejo, Louise McNally, & Galit Weidman Sassoon. (Eds.) The Semantics of Gradability, Vagueness, and Scale Structure: Experimental Perspectives. Heidelberg: Springer, 93-111. 

Weiland-Breckle, Hanna & Petra B. Schumacher. (2018). A Direct Comparison of Metonymic and Metaphoric Relations in Adjective-Noun Pairs. Acta Linguistica Academica, 15, 2-3, 443-472.



Hinterwimmer, Stefan & Petra B. Schumacher (Eds.). (2017). Special Collection: Perspective Taking. Glossa, 2, 1.

Schumacher, Petra. B. (2017). Semantic-Pragmatic Processing. In: Eva M. Fernández & Helen Smith Cairns. (Eds.) The Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Malden/Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 392-410.

Schumacher, Petra B., Leah Roberts & Juhani Järvikivi. (2017). Agentivity Drives Real-Time Pronoun Resolution: Evidence From German "er" and "der". Lingua, 185, 25-41.  

Weiland-Breckle, Hanna & Petra B. Schumacher. (2017). Artist-for-Work Metonymy: Type Clash or Underspecification? Mental Lexicon, 12, 2, 219-233.



Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina & Petra B. Schumacher. (2016). Towards a Neurobiology of Information Structure. In: Caroline Féry & Shinichiro Ishihara. (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Information Structure.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 581-598.

Sauerland, Uli & Petra B. Schumacher. (2016). Pragmatics: Theory and Experiment Growing Together. Linguistische Berichte, 245, 3-24.

Schumacher, Petra B., Manuel Dangl & Elyesa Uzun. (2016). Thematic Role as Prominence Cue during Pronoun Resolution in German. In: Anke Holler & Katja Suckow. (Eds.) Empirical Perspectives on Anaphora Resolution. Berlin: de Gruyter, 121-147.  



Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I. M. Philipp, P.M. Alday, F. Kretzschmar,  T. Grewe, M. Gumpert,  P.B. Schumacher & M. Schlesewsky. (2015). Age-Related Changes in Predictive Capacity versus Internal Model Adaptability: Electrophysiological Evidence that Individual Differences Outweigh Effects of Age. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 7, 217.

Kalbertodt, Janina, Beatrice Primus & Petra B. Schumacher. (2015). Punctuation, Prosody and Discourse: Afterthought vs. Right-Dislocation. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1803.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2015). Metonymie und Text. In: Maximilian Mengeringhaus & Kathrin Schuchmann. (Eds.) Schliff Literaturzeitschrift N°3. Düsseldorf: Edition Virgines, 153-161. 

Schumacher, Petra B., Jana Backhaus & Manuel Dangl. (2015). Backward- and Forward-Looking Potential of Anaphors. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1746. 



Hung, Yu-Chen & Petra B. Schumacher. (2014). Animacy Matters: ERP Evidence for the Multi-Dimensionality of Topic-Worthiness in Chinese. Brain Research, 1555,36-47.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2014). Content and Context in Incremental Processing: "The Ham Sandwich" RevisitedPhilosophical Studies, 168, 1, 151-165.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2014). The Time Course of Referential Resolution. Proceedings of KogWis 2014. Cognitive Processing 15, 1, S11.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Hanna Weiland. (2014). Referential Properties of Definites and Salience Spreading. In: Aguilar-Guevara, Ana, Bert Le Bruyn & Joost Zwarts. (Eds.) Weak Referentiality. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 365-388.

Weiland, Hanna, Valentina Bambini & Petra B. Schumacher. (2014). The Role of Literal Meaning in Figurative Language Comprehension: Evidence from Masked Priming ERP. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 583.  



Bambini, Valentina, Martha Ghio, Andrea Moro & Petra B. Schumacher. (2013). Differentiating among pragmatic uses of words through timed sensicality judgments: Metaphor, metonymy and approximation. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 938.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2013). When Combinatorial Processing Results in Reconceptualization: Towards a New Approach of Compositionality.Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 677.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Jörg Meibauer. (2013). Pragmatic Inferencing and Expert Knowledge. In: Liedtke, Frank & Cornelia Schulze. (Eds.) Beyond Words. Content, Context, and Inference. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 231-248.

Wang, Luming & Petra B. Schumacher. (2013). New is Not Always Costly: Evidence from Online Processing of Topic and Contrast in Japanese.Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 363.


Baumann, Stefan & Petra B. Schumacher. (2012). (De-)Accentuation and the Processing of Information Status – Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Language and Speech, 55, 3, 361-381.

Finkbeiner, Rita, Jörg Meibauer & Petra B. Schumacher (Eds.) (2012). What is a Context? Linguistic Approaches and Challenges. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Hung, Yu-Chen & Petra B. Schumacher. (2012). Topicality Matters: Position-Specific Demands on Chinese Discourse Processing. Neuroscience Letters, 511, 2, 59-64.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2012). Context in Neurolinguistics: Time-course Data from Electrophysiology. In: Finkbeiner, Rita, Jörg Meibauer & Petra B. Schumacher. (Eds.) What is a Context? Linguistic Approaches and Challenges. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 33-53.

Schumacher, Petra B., Valentina Bambini, & Hanna Weiland. (2012). Event-Related Brain Potentials of Masked Repetition and Semantic Priming while Listening to Sentences. Neuroscience Letters, 530, 2, 138-143.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Yu-Chen Hung. (2012). Positional Influences on Information Packaging: Insights from Topological Fields in German. Journal of Memory and Language, 67, 2, 295-310.


Bai, Chen, Shushan Cai, & Petra B. Schumacher. (2011). Reversibility in Chinese Word Formation Influences Target Identification. Neuroscience Letters, 499, 1, 14-18.

Hirotani, Masako & Petra B. Schumacher. (2011). Context and Topic Marking Affect Distinct Processes During Discourse Comprehension in Japanese. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 24, 3, 276-292.

Ruigendijk, Esther & Petra B. Schumacher. (2011). Reaction Time Data Reveal Variation in Reference Assignment Processes in Germanic Languages. In: Hendrickx, Iris, António Branco, Sobha Lalitha Devi & Ruslan Mitkov. (Eds.) Proceedings of DAARC 2011 – The 8th Discourse Anaphora and Anaphora Resolution Colloquium. Lisbon: Edições Colibri, 127-138.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2011). The hepatitis called …: Electrophysiological Evidence for Enriched Composition. In: Meibauer, Jörg & M. Steinbach. (Eds.) Experimental Pragmatics/Semantics. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 199-219.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Sergey Avrutin. (2011). Register Affects Language Comprehension: ERP Evidence from Article Omission in Newspaper Headlines. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 24, 3, 304-319.

Schumacher, Petra B., Walter Bisang, & Linlin Sun (2011). Perspective in the Processing of the Chinese Reflexive ziji: ERP Evidence. In: Hendrickx, Iris, António Branco, Sobha Lalitha Devi & Ruslan Mitkov. (Eds.) Anaphora Processing and Applications, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 7099. Heidelberg: Springer, 119-131.


Schumacher, Petra B. (2010). Real-Time Comprehension in Agrammatic Aphasia. In: Ibanescu, Grigore & Serafim Pescariu. (Eds.) Aphasia: Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, 101-118.

Schumacher, Petra B. & Stefan Baumann. (2010). Pitch Accent Type Affects the N400 during Referential Processing. Neuroreport, 21, 9, 618-622.

Schumacher, Petra B., Manfred Consten, & Mareile Knees. (2010). Constraints on Ontology Changing Complexation Processes: Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Language and Cognitive Processes, 25, 6, 840-865.

Schumacher, Petra B., Maria M. Piñango, Esther Ruigendijk, & Sergey Avrutin. (2010). Reference Assignment in Dutch: Evidence for the Syntax-Discourse Divide. Lingua, 120, 7, 1738-1763.


Burkhardt, Petra & Ulrike Domahs. (2009). Experimental Evidence for Minimal Structure. Lingua, 119, 10, 1373-1379.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2009). Definiteness Marking Shows Late Effects During Discourse Processing: Evidence from ERPs. In: Sobha, Lalitha Devi, António Branco & Ruslan Mitkov. (Eds.) Anaphora Processing and Applications, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 5847. Heidelberg: Springer, 91-106.

Schumacher, Petra B. (2009). The Given-New Distinction: Insights from Inferrables. In: Linguistic Society of Korea. (Eds.) Current issues in unity and diversity of languages. Korea: Dongnam Publishing Company, 359-379.

Wiese, Richard, Petra B. Schumacher, & Matthias Schlesewsky (2009). Neurokognition der Sprache in Wort, Satz und Text. In: Huber, Martin & Simone Winko. (Eds.) Literatur und Kognition: Bestandsaufnahmen und Perspektiven eines Arbeitsfeldes. Paderborn: Mentis, 85-98.


Bai, Chen, Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Luming Wang, Yu-Chen Hung, Matthias Schlesewsky, & Petra Burkhardt. (2008). Semantic Composition Engenders an N400: Evidence from Chinese Compounds. Neuroreport, 19, 6, 695-699.

Burkhardt, Petra. (2008). Dependency Precedes Independence: Online Evidence From Discourse Processing. In: Anton Benz & Peter Kühnlein. (Eds.)Constraints in discourse. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 141-158.

Burkhardt, Petra. (2008). Two Types of Definites: Evidence For Presupposition Cost. In: Atle Grønn. (Eds.) Proceedings of SuB12. Oslo: ILOS, 66-80.

Burkhardt, Petra, Sergey Avrutin, Maria M. Piñango, & Esther Ruigendijk. (2008). Slower-Than-Normal Syntactic Processing in Agrammatic Broca’s Aphasia: Evidence From Dutch. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 21, 2, 120-137.


Burkhardt, Petra. (2007). Reference Assignment in the Absence of Sufficient Semantic Content. In: Schwarz-Friesel, Monika, Manfred Consten, & Mareile Knees. (Eds.) Anaphors in Text: Cognitive, Formal and Applied Approaches to Anaphoric reference, Schwarz-Friesel, Monika, MaReference Assignment in the Absence of Sufficient Semantic Content. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 241-258.

Burkhardt, Petra. (2007). The P600 Reflects Cost of New Information in Discourse Memory. Neuroreport, 18, 17, 1851-1854.

Burkhardt, Petra, Gisbert Fanselow, & Matthias Schlesewsky. (2007). Effects of (In)transitivity On Structure Building and Agreement. Brain Research, 1163, 100-110.

Burkhardt, Petra & Dietmar Roehm. (2007). Differential Effects of Saliency: An Event-Related Brain Potential Study. Neuroscience Letters, 413, 2, 115-120.


Burkhardt, Petra. (2006). Inferential Bridging Relations Reveal Distinct Neural Mechanisms: Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Brain and Language, 98, 2, 159-168.


Burkhardt, Petra. (2005). The Syntax-Discourse Interface: Representing and Interpreting Dependency. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Piñango, Maria M. & Petra Burkhardt. (2005). Pronominal Interpretation and the Syntax-Discourse Interface: Real-time Comprehension and Neurological Properties. In: Branco, Antonio, Tony McEnery, & Ruslan Mitkov. (Eds.) Anaphora processing: linguistic, cognitive and computational modelling. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 221-238. 


Burkhardt, Petra, Maria M. Piñango, & Keng Wong. (2003). The Role of the Left Anterior Hemisphere in Real-Time Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from Split Intransitivity. Brain and Language, 86, 9-22.


Burkhardt, Petra. (2002). Logophors: Looking Outside of Syntax. In: van Koppen, Marjo, Erica Thrift, Eric Jan van der Torre, & Malte Zimmermann. (Eds.)ConSole IX Proceedings. Lund: SOLE, 14-27.

Burkhardt, Petra. (2002). Multiple Faithfulness Relations in Fox (Central Algonquian) Reduplication. In: van Koppen, Marjo, Joanna Sio, Mark de Vos. (Eds.) ConSole X Proceedings. Leiden: SOLE, 33-48.


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